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Food-Producing Animals

Disease Outbreaks

Disease emergence and spread do not respect geographical boundaries. This is why it is important to have the necessary tools available to combat and control disease. Efficient early warning and forecasting of disease trends through surveillance systems is key to effective containment and control. Early intervention such as the use of vaccines during a disease epidemic often leads to better outcomes with reduced disease burden and associated economic impact.

Information resources for disease outbreaks

  • The World Animal Health Information Database (WAHID) interface provides access to all data held within the OIE's new World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS). A comprehensive range of information is available including:
    • immediate notifications and follow-up reports submitted by country/territory members notifying exceptional epidemiological events current in their territory
    • six-monthly reports stating the health status of OIE-listed diseases in each country/territory.
    • annual reports providing health information and information on the veterinary staff, laboratories and vaccines, etc.
  • The WHO also has a Global Alert and Response (GAR) system which tracks evolving infectious disease situations, sounds the alarm when needed, shares expertise, and mounts the kind of response needed to protect populations from the consequences of epidemics, whatever and wherever might be their origin. 
  • Set up in 2005 with the aim to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control identifies, assesses and communicates current and emerging threats to human health posed by infectious diseases.